The secret of the brilliant Stradivarius violins
The place and exact date of birth of the well-known Italian violinist-master Antonio Stradivari is not exactly established. The presumptive years of his life are from 1644 to 1737. 1666, Cremona is a mark on one of the violins of the master, which gives reason to say that this year he lived in Cremona and was a student of Nicolo Amati. The great master created over 1000 violins, cellos and violas, devoting his life to the manufacture and improvement of instruments that forever glorified his name. About 600 of them have survived to our time. Experts note his constant desire to endow his instruments with powerful sound and richness of timbre. The enterprising businessmen, knowing the high price of the violins of the master, with enviable regularity offer to buy fakes from them. All Stradivarius violins are methyl the same. His stigma is the initials of A.B. and the Maltese cross placed in a double circle. The authenticity of violins can only be confirmed by a very experienced expert. SOME FACTS FROM BIOGRAPHY OF STRADIVARI The heart of the genius Antonio Stradivarius stopped on December 18, 1737. Presumably, he could live from 89 to 94 years, having created about 1100 violins, cellos, double basses and violas. Once he even made a harp. Why is the exact year of birth of the master unknown? The fact is that in the 17th century Europe there was a plague. The danger of infection forced Antonio’s parents to take refuge in a generic village. This saved the family. It is also unknown why, at the age of 18, Stradivari turned to Nicolo Amati, the violin master. Perhaps the heart prompted? Amati immediately saw a brilliant student in him and took him to his apprentice. Antonio began his working life as a laborer. Then he was entrusted with the work of filigree processing of wood, work with varnish and glue. So the student gradually learned the secrets of mastery. WHAT IS THE SECRET OF STRADIVARIAN VIOLINS? It is known that Stradivari in large numbers knew the intricacies of the “behavior” of the woody parts of the violin, he was given recipes for cooking special varnish and the secrets of the correct installation of strings. Long before the end of his work, the master already understood with his heart whether the violin could sing beautifully or not. Many high-level masters could not surpass the Stradivarius, they did not learn how to feel the tree with the heart as it did. Scientists are trying to understand what caused the pure unique sonority of the sufferers of violins. Professor Joseph Nagivari (USA) claims that for the preservation of wood maple, used by famous violin masters of the XVIII century, was subjected to chemical treatment. This influenced the strength and warmth of the sound of instruments. He wondered: could the treatment against fungi and insects cause such a purity and brightness of the sound of unique Cremona instruments? Using nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopy, he analyzed the wood samples of five instruments. Nagivari argues: if the effects of the chemical process are proven, it will be possible to change the modern technology for making violins. The violins will sound a million dollars. And restorers will provide better preservation of old tools. It was once analyzed the varnish with which the Stradivarius tools are coated. It was revealed that its composition contains nanoscale structures. It turns out that even three centuries ago, the creators of the violins relied on nanotechnology. 3 years ago conducted an interesting experiment. We compared the sound of the Stradivarius violin and the violin made by Professor Nagivari. 600 listeners, including 160 musicians, evaluated the tone and sound power on a 10-point scale. As a result, the Nagivari violin received higher marks. However, violin manufacturers and musicians do not recognize that the magic of their instruments is due to chemistry. Antiquaries, in turn, wanting to maintain a high value, are interested in preserving the halo of the mystery of ancient violins.