How to play the harmonica?
Harmonica is a miniature wind organ that not only has a deep and distinctive sound, but also blends perfectly with guitar, keyboards and vocals. It is not surprising that the number of people who want to play the harmonica is growing all over the world! SELECTION OF INSTRUMENT There are a large number of varieties of harmonica: chromatic, blues, tremolo, bass, octave, as well as combinations thereof. The easiest option for a beginner will be a diatonic accordion with ten holes. The key in C major. Advantages: A huge number of courses and training materials in books and the Internet; Jazz and pop compositions, familiar to everyone from films and music videos, are mostly played on diatonic; Basic lessons learned on diatonic harmonics will come in handy for working with any other model; As the learning progresses, it becomes possible to use a large number of sound effects that captivate listeners. When choosing a material, it is better to give preference to metal – it is the most durable and hygienic. Wooden panels require additional protection against swelling, and plastic quickly wears out and breaks. The most common models for beginners include Lee Oskar Major Diatonic, Hohner Golden Melody, Hohner Special 20. CORRECT POSITION OF THE LIP HARMONIC The sound of the instrument largely depends on the correct positioning of the hands. Hold the harmonica with your left hand, and with your right, direct the flow of sound. It is the cavity formed by the palms that creates the chamber for resonance. Tightly closing and opening brushes can achieve different effects. In order to ensure a strong and even flow of air, you need to keep your head level, and completely relax your face, throat, tongue and cheeks. The harmonica needs to be tightly and deeply wrapped around his lips, and not just pressed to his mouth. In this case, only the mucous part of the lips is in contact with the tool. BREATHING The harmonica is the only wind instrument that produces sound both on inhalation and exhalation. The main thing that you should pay attention to is that through the harmonics you need to breathe, and not to suck in and blow out air. The air flow is created due to the diaphragm, and not the muscles of the cheeks and mouth. At first, the sound may turn out to be quiet, but as you practice, a beautiful and even sound will come. HOW TO PLAY ON THE LIPPED HARMONIC SINGLE NOTES AND CHORDS The diatonic harmonic sound line is arranged in such a way that three holes in a row form a harmony. Therefore, playing a chord on a harmonica is easier than a note. During the game, the musician is faced with the need to play notes one at a time. In this case, neighboring holes are blocked by lips or tongue. At first, you may have to help yourself by pressing with your fingers on the corners of the mouth. BASIC TECHNIQUES Studying chords and individual sounds will allow you to play simple melodies and improvise a bit. But in order to unleash the full potential of harmonica, you need to master special techniques and techniques. The most common of them are: Trill – an alternation of a pair of adjacent notes, one of the common melisms in music. Glissando is a smooth, sliding transition of three or more notes into a single consonance. A similar technique, which uses all the notes to the end, is called drop-off. Tremolo is a trembling sound effect that is created by squeezing-unclenching of the palms or vibration of the lips. Band – changing the key of a note by adjusting the strength and direction of the air flow. FINAL RECOMMENDATIONS You can understand how to play the harmonica without knowing the musical notation. However, spending time on training, the musician will have the opportunity to read and study a large number of tunes, as well as record his own achievements. Do not be alarmed by the lettering of musical sounds – they are easy to understand (A is la, B is si, C is do, D is re, E is mi, F is fa, and finally G is salt) If the training takes place on its own, A voice recorder, a metronome and a mirror can be useful for work – for constant control over yourself. Preparing for live musical accompaniment will help accompaniment ready-made music. Here you have the last positive video. Blues on a harmonica Author: Ekaterina Naumenko Illustrations: M. Beletskaya, “A self-instruction manual for playing the harmonica”. Tags: harmonica perfume instrumentshow to play musical instrumentstechnique (votes: 13, average: 3.15 out of 5)